Upper Left Quadrant Details Upper Right Quadrant Details Lower Left Quadrant Details Lower Right Quadrant Details Details



Although socialist ideas can be traced back to the seventeenth century and even before, socialism as ideology and movement of the working class did not develop until the early nineteenth century.
From the late nineteenth century onwards, the socialist movement was divided into two rival camps: revolutionary versus reformist socialists (horizontal axis). Each of these camps was in turn crossed by cleavages along the state-class divide (vertical axis).