The term "election" originates from the Latin verb eligere, which translates as "to pick out." Etymologically, this verb is very close to seligere - to select, to choose. The term elite also derives from eligere; thus a democracy is an "elective polyarchy" in a descriptive sense and a "selective polyarchy" in a normative sense.
On the vertical axis, we find the continuum which goes from the individual voter to voters as an aggregate, defined as citizens and people. On the vertical axis, there are party and leadership, the collective and the individual actors who play relevant roles in structuring the competition and the voters' choice in a democratic political system.